Ghost Bike Vigil for Amanda



The ‘Dutch Reach’ anti-dooring project began in tragedy, anger, fear, and sorrow.  A vibrant and loved young woman was killed blocks away in perhaps the commonest of in-city bike/car crashes.

Doorings, being doored, or 'near-door experiences' are dreaded daily by urban cyclists: A car, parked or just stopped in traffic.  From left or right a door flung open just in front of you.  Shout!!  Brake if you can, swerve as you must.  Pray as you crash - into, over, under, strewn into on-coming traffic.  Or not.  Curse, bike on.  Shaken.  What if...

A day after Amanda's death I got a disturbingly obvious 'what if' revelation from another shook cyclist:

Ask the question, “Which hand do you use to open your car door?” Puzzlement.  “Why, this one, my left…of course.”  “But the Dutch do it differently.”  “Oh???”  ”They use their right, their far hand.  It’s much safer." “What?! …Ooohh!  I get it! It makes you turn, it’s easier to look!  So simple! It’s obvious!  I just never thought about it!”

Far smarter than handing out doored-prizes.

Cyclists, drivers, passengers, we need each other to make our daily travel safer and less hassled.  And at one time or another we ARE each other.

So let’s tell everyone the Dutch secret.  It's commonsense.

-- Michael Charney, Cambridge, MA, USA



Doored! An Introduction

Slide show at: Presentation

Dutch Reach Project Slide Presentation title page

Click linked slide.


One Door One Life One Year

One Door, LIfe, Year - Dutch Reach Project triggered by dooring death of Amanda Phillips, Inman square, Cambridge, June 23, 2016, exactly one year ago. Imags of Dutch Reach Mobile Electronic Traffic Sign, Somerville, MA teaching the Dutch Reach.. Also, AP's Ghost Bike & inset of Dutch Reach diagram c/o Cambridge Street Code - Rules & Etiquette for Getting There Together.

PSA Series on Social Media

Dutch Reach Universal Sign, version with cyclist, window, steering wheel and dotted line of sight between driver & cyclist.. Figure swivels for left over-the-shoulder check for on-coming cyclists or other vehicles to avoid dooring crashes. Silhouetted iconic human figure in solid black on white background, seated but swiveled to left with right far (right) hand extended to 'door latch', head turned back over left shoulder with arrow line of sight backwards looking, scanning, for on-coming bicyclists, cyclists, vulnerable users or other traffic or vehicles which might otherwise be doored if occupant opened car door heedlessly. Doorings can result in serious, even fatal injuries to exiting drivers or passengers as well as more commonly to cyclists. The Dutch Reach method shown in the image prevents careless exiting of vehicles. This graphic symbol is intented for traffic signs, parking signs, warning to prevent and avoid doorings by exiting occupants in or adjacent to traffic or travel lanes. Credit: NY Bicycling Coalition.

15 Months On -  October 3, 2017

Over the past four months the wave rolls on.  Massachusetts' Driver's Manual's inclusion propelled Dutch Reach attention across and beyond the United States, as carried by the Associated Press and National Public Radio's anchor program, All Things Considered.  Then, by last minute addition, New York Bicycling Coalition brought the Reach to the attention of NYS' Governor's Traffic Safety Committee and City of Albany's Police Academy, their partners in producing a new safety video.  Voila!  Sharing the Road - Bicycle Law in New York State (July, 2017) teaches the Reach.  Weeks later, the US Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) highlighted the Dutch Reach in its new safety report:  A Right to the Road: Understanding & Addressing Bicyclist Safety (September, 2017) [See page 58].  

In mid September, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) and We Are Cycling UK - Britain's national bicycling organization - launched simultaneous anti-dooring campaigns featuring the Dutch Reach.  The BBC, The Guardian, The Times of London, The Telegraph and Huffington Post UK all reported the story.  RoSPA posted How to Do the Dutch Reach, a most engaging video situated in The Netherlands.  The case is made by a young woman who had been doored. Then a charming Dutch driving instructor delivers both exit lesson and living proof -- that the Dutch Reach really is Dutch! 

In Canada as well - from Halifax on the Atlantic to Vancouver on the Pacific, but most forcefully in Toronto - cyclists and officials grappling with doorings' toll ever more visible, so has the call to retrain passenger and driver habit become louder, and the Reach solution obvious.

Finally, in late September our friends at NY Bicycling Coalition took Reach visibility a steep step higher.  They devised a, and perhaps the, long-sought Missing Graphic:  a universal Far Hand Reach symbol, a 'cut-out' silhouette icon suitable for window decals, parking & Caution! signage. 

May it go forth and multiply!

A text dominated graphic advertises the Governors' Highway Safety Associations' State Farm funded study of national crash data and safety research regarding bicycle fatalities due to vehicular collisions with bicycles. Titled A Right to the Road, Understanding and Addressing Bicyclist Safety the study includes promotion of the Dutch far hand technique for safe opening of car doors by drivers & passengers.

"A Right to the Road" endorses promotion of the Dutch Reach method to prevent doorings.

Blank yellow diamond traffic caution sign

Dutch Reach 'High Peaks' Graphic Design Sign Challenge. Go to Help! to learn more. Please!

June 1, 2017 - Local Success! Larger implications.

Dear Reader,

Another update:  Founded due to a needless death by dooring, this project sought to change one inconspicuous but dangerously flawed habit:  Stop using our near hand to open car doors when exiting...and use our far hand instead.

As the Dutch realized 50 years ago, this simple swap makes a life's world of difference.  I hoped to popularize Holland's nameless, safer habit, a behavioral 'countermeasure' for dooring. Making it into public policy seemed a bit quixotic, but a worthwhile, possibly feasible, long-term goal.

Well, big mistake.  It only took eleven months!  It is now, as of May 30, in the 2017 Massachusetts' Driver's Manual!  New drivers will now learn this better way in driving class and more likely do it.  Hopefully to them it becomes "the way you open a car door."

So may I declare:  This Dutch Good News! -- though decades delayed -- has finally arrived.  Another Dutch beachhead in the Americas [the first being Manhanttan] is now Officially established at MassDOT.  

At the same time, more and more cycling and road safety advocates, as well as 'regular' people are discovering it too.  They puzzle over the quirky terms 'Dutch Reach' and 'doorings'.  The need for better road sharing practices & etiquette is growing. And more people are discovering that when it comes to road sharing, the Dutch -- not to slight Denmark or Sweden -- have an awful lot to teach us!

And breaking bad habits is famously difficult. But to mash cliches, we older dogs do have our flawed habit to cut out for us - and by us. For safety sake. 

There is help however!  Tie a ribbon - orange makes sense - to the car door latch, or put stickers, post-its or mark up tape as a memory aid. And practice practice practice.  30 days in a row may do it, 60 for sure. Teach your kids & they'll bug you to do it!  But I digress...

The Dutch Reach has gone international & multi-lingual. It's incredibly much bigger Good News! than I, or perhaps anyone, expected.  But it turns out the demand is truly vast and in many places urgent.  

But Massachusetts' government has now performed a great service -- and not just for Bay Staters, as we are called. It makes policy of this humble habit, and even helps legitimate its suspect name!  Their gentle Dutch Reach video is sincere and clean of innuendo. Compare & contrast eight months ago.

So thank you for joining this bike party. Let's keep pedaling the Reach.  But right now, stop a moment, raise a glass,  celebrate, and sing...

L'Dutch Reach Internationale

Arise ye cyclists from your slumbers
Arise ye fearful of the hoard.
For reason in revolt now thunders
To end at last the doom of Doored.
Away with all your superstitions
Servile arms arise, arise
We’ll teach away that flawed tradition.
To Reach Across and use our Eyes!

So comrades, come rally
That dread door no longer face.
Far Hands unite the human race!

P.S.  If any volunteer graphic artist out there can devise a universally understood iconic image to officially intone: "Do the Reach," suitable for public signage, please contribute!  This remains our high mountain challenge for graphic design. Patrick Bibbin's logo homunculus, Marie Macchiarolo's bird's eye diagram, or Lissy Herman's profile line drawing, & now the Boston Globe's graphics' staff' frontal cut-away have all provided excellent images.  May they lend you inspiration!

Screen shot of RoSPA's Road Safety webpage which explains & recommends the Dutch Reach Method for dooring prevention, protecting bicyclists & exiting drivers & passengers from collision.

image to view.



Diagram illustrating Dutch Reach for UK drivers. Credit: City of Cambridge, MA, USA.

Seven months on, now it is 'My Lord Dutch Reach'

On 1, February 2017 the UK's Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents has elevated the humble expatriate 'Dutch Reach' anti-dooring method for inclusion on its esteemed roster of recommended traffic safety practices, posting this on its Road Safety website.


For 50 years a nameless commonplace habit in the Netherlands, largely unknown and ignored beyond its physical and linguistic borders, the Dutch Reach has now achieved authoritative standing in the judgement of one of the most preeminent safety and accident prevention bodies in the world.
So please share widely, and perhaps even rejoice!
Many lives and limbs will be spared when RoSPA's recommendation to prevent doorings becomes known, officially adopted, taught and practiced in the UK and beyond.
So thank you RoSPA-- and thanks to all who read this and have contributed in large or small ways to this progress.  And congratulations.  The far hand reach is now percolating across the globe and in the awareness of at least several million people worldwide who had never heard of this method before.  Even with -- or perhaps because of its curious name it now travels much more easily past customs control!
Much of the heavy lifting was accomplished no doubt by Outside Online's The Dutch Reach - Safe For Work video.  Outside's staff produced and published it on a dime, a mere eleven days after the term Dutch Reach first appeared in print.  Views on  OO's in-house and You Tube portals alone top 1.3 M views to date.  [Update: Now over 2 million views on OO's in-house & OO's YouTube portals combined; myriad other sites world-wide carry it too. - 4/25/17.]
In the five months since the original Boston Globe report, Outside's video and PRI BBC World Service's radio account forced the creation of this website, scores and scores, perhaps hundreds of online news services, blogs, tweets, FaceBook posts etc. have amplified and developed the teaching.  And a few legislators, one head of state (Canada) and countless bicycle, pedestrian and safe roads organizations have picked up the beat.  
Additional videos, Dutch Reach graphics and animations, TV accounts, talk radio, print and podcast journalism can now be found, from North America to Eastern and Western Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and New Zealand! It has roused advocates' support in many cities around the globe where dooring is a scourge.  And it currently figures in the controversy over British Transport Secretary Chris Graylings dooring of a cyclist by NOT using the Dutch Reach!
With this website now decently built out, it offers open source one-stop shopping for activism to promote its teaching, adopted by traffic and parking, transportation and public heath officials, corporate and public fleet divisions, ride share drivers and their passengers, etc. and ultimately make it part of every state's Drivers Manual, written examinations and road tests. Hopefully the Dutch Reach with our help can keep up the pace already set, or even raise it up a gear.
- mc, 2/3/17

State of this Project & Website

Dear Reader,

Please note that this project only started 6/24/08, now three months ago.  I purchased the domain 5 days ago at this writing (9/27) and immediately began construction in response to rapid media attention -- the 9/8/16 Boston Globe article "To avoid dooring, this cyclist...", and fast on, the 9/19/16 Outside Magazine Online article & video "How the Dutch Reach Could Save Lives" featured on the Home page.

Plain to see, my site savvy, design and editing skills are weak, and anyone with interest and WordPress mojo please your mentoring would be most welcome!  

Hopefully it - this site - will get better! (The Comment section and Contact page are likely to be sub-par if not non-functional for a while.  So rather than spend too talking to ourselves -- please help spread the word with links, Likes, tweaks, whatever.  For starters there's Outside Oneline's video, Steve Annear's Boston Globe's story, and www.DutchReach.org itself to share.  This is a small 'ask' which is unusually well received.  Yet it can go a long way to increase vigilance and respect for cyclists while automatically making car exit safer for everyone.

You can find links to share at Media Coverage above.

-- MC

Blue poster asks drivers to use far hand method, & cyclists to keep distance from parked cars to avoid doorings & getting doored.

Bike Saves PHilippines anti dooring safety poster for drivers & cyclists.

Credits & Acknowledgments, Witting & Unwitting*

Anonymous 'shook cyclist';  Nudge Blog; Prof. Ruth Oldenziel, Eindhoven University, NL; Russell Shorto, The New York Times; Deputy Police Chief Stephen Carrabino, City of Somerville Police Dept.; The Boston Globe & staff reporters Steve Annear & Martine Powers;  Amy Saltzman, Editor, Cambridge Chronicle/Wicked Local; Massachusetts Bicycle Coalition, Richard Fries, Exec. Dir.; Jon Ramos, Boston Bike Party; Lissy Herman - 'Dutch Reach' illustration & line drawing;  Montreal Bicycle Coalition; Dr. Anne Lusk, Harvard School of Public Health;  City of San Francisco's SFMTA & SFGOVTV with Vision Zero - SF, SF Bicycle Coalition & Walk SF; Hans Voerknecht, CROW.NL; Diane Daniel, Eindhoven, NL; Simon Rios, WBUR; Jennifer Molina, City of Somerville; Ken Carlson, & Somerville Bicycle Committee;  Reporter Ben Fox, videographer Marie Sullivan, Fitness Editor Wes Judd & all members of Outside's Editors' Video Team, Outside Magazine Online;  Cambridge Bicycle Safety; Marco Werman & Bradley Campbell of WGBH, PRI/BBC World Service 'The World'; Diane Jenks, The Outspoken Cyclist;  Dennis _, Ronkonkoma, Inc.;  Dan Strollo, In Control Safety; John Paul, NE AAA; Jeffrey Larason; [City of ~] Cambridge Community Development & Marie Macchiarolo: Cambridge Street Code; Pat Bibbins & Emily O'Brien, Medford Bicycle Advisory Commission; UK Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents - Road Safety; Canadian Member of Parliament Joël Lightbound & staff; City Council of Winnipeg Manitoba & Councilman Matt Allard; Washington Area Bicycle Association; British Transport Secretary Chris Grayling (unintentional assist); LBC UK; CB TV - Manitoba; Dutch Cycling Embassy; Michael O'Reilly, Exective Style; Bike Saves PH; Femke Zeilstra, translator; Rahel Wachs, illustrator of child using far hand reach; Alex Bowden, road.cc; Sam Jones & Duncan Dollimore, CyclingUK; Doug Smith & Washington Area Bicycle Assn; John S. Allen; David C. Read, Longwood Area Cyclists & Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Healthy Homes/ Healthy Work program of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston; graphic designer Patrick Bibbins for new Dutch Reach icon & logo; Steve Evans, Director of Licensing, MassRMV & staff; Massachusetts Dept of Transportation; National Public Radio - All Things Considered; Ken McLeod, Policy Director & Bill Nesper, Interim Executive Director, League of American Bicyclists; Paul Winkeller, Exec. Dir., & Ken Crandall, Education Dir., New York Bicycling Coalition, with graphic designer John Glenn of Glass Planet Videography; Albany Police Dept. & Academy, City of Albany, NYS; NYS Governor's Highway Traffic Committee; (US) Governors Highway Safety Assn; Emily Stein, Parent's Supervised Driving Program of Massachusetts; Stephen Bingham, Sylvia Bingham Fund; Cycle Toronto; Chris Glover, Board of Health, City of Toronto, Ca; & many more to come.

Also: Credit is due to all who have picked up, shared and elaborated on the Dutch Reach method on the web: 99% Invisible, Upworthy.com, Lloyd Alter, TreeHugger.com, BikeAccidentLawyersBlog.com, Cleantechnica.com, The Guardian - UK, The Telegraph - UK, mumset, ycombinator, and myriad bloggers, reddit members, diverse bike groups, auto dealers, radio stations, etc. etc. who are getting out the word.

  • Note:  More to come. Contribution to this effort, formal or informal, witting or unwitting is here acknowledged and appreciated, though all who have or are helping develop &/or promote the message could now never be known, let alone listed.  
  • Listing does not necessarily imply endorsement (!) or participation, as a few have "contributed" their valuable skepticism or unintended example or foil.